There is no meaning of development without peace. For sustainable development a peaceful atmosphere is a must and without this the
existence of a prosperous, healthy and developed society is just a dream, which is not realistic. Unfortunately the world in which we live has seen the sudden rises and falls of nations and societies. In the world history the black spots of first and second world wars and so many other international, regional and internal wars around the world are difficult to forget. Still there exists and are continued disputes all over the world causing mental, social, economic and political unrest in the societies and hindering the development progress.

South Asia is unfortunately one of the region of the world that is facing the problem of peace and development and Pakistan is one of them. During the cold war between the United States and former Soviet Union in which Pakistan played a front line state role for the United States and that lasted for about nine years, the religious extremism and militancy grew up to maximum extant. After the end of the cold war it was hoped that peace will prevail in the region but it does not and different ethnic groups were fighting among themselves. Then the Taliban came in power and controlled about the ninety percent of the total area. Pakistan has long and porous boarder with Afghanistan and at both sides there is a same ethno-languistic culture. Taliban were strongly supported both by the Government and people of the Tibal Areas of Pakistan and the adjoining districts especially Malakand Division. The Government as well as global community paid no attention to the increasing trend of militancy and religious extremism inside Pakistan and its impacts on Afghanistan. In Malakand Area the situation became worst and different religious groups established themselves and build up their power and influenced the local population.


Pakistan is among those countries of the world where the crime rates are high. Small arms are used in various types of crimes, sectarian violence, terrorism and other personal and tribal disputes. Small arms are widely possessed by the civilians because of weak law and order situation, gun culture, personal, family, community, tribe and property protection. The religious extremism, militancy and the prevalence of large number of Religious groups and parties have further aggravated the problem. No one exactly knows the number of small arms possessed by the civilians but the number is estimated to be in millions. 

In some tribal areas manufacturing of arms is like cottage industry and is a main source of income of the local communities. The illicit transfer of arms from these areas to other cities of Pakistan and Kashmir is a common phenomenon.

The area of Peshawar due to its proximity to the tribal and other arms producing areas is also prone to various types of crimes. The daily Newspapers are flooded of crime reports consisting of Murders, Attempt murders, Kidnapping, Thefts, Assaults, Burglaries, Vehicles snatching/lifting etc.  The recent report of the U.S Department about crimes in Pakistan is presented below. In short small crimes are threatening human security in the area and no one is feeling secure.
U.S. Department of State
Bureau of Consular Affairs
Washington, DC 20520

Crime is a serious concern for foreigners throughout Pakistan, with violent crime increasing faster than any other category. Carjackings, armed robberies, house invasions and other violence against civilians have increased steadily in the major urban areas. Petty crime, especially theft of personal property, is common throughout Pakistan. Lahore and Karachi, in particular, experience high
levels of crime. They are large cities beset by poverty, high unemployment, andunderpaid, under-manned police forces.

PRASDO Recommendations:

  • The issue of small arms especially its relationship to human security was not paid due attention in the past. Therefore the prevailing situation of small arms and its impacts on the society may be studied in details.
  • Awareness among the local communities may be created related to small arms and its devastating impacts on the society
  • A comprehensive research and data collection on small arms should be carried out, which should be made a continuous process.
  • Lobbying and advocacy activities at government and parliament level should be carried out to eradicate the menace of small arms from the society