Small Arms

Small arms and light weapon (SALW) is a term widely used for man-portable lethal weapons that expels or lunches bullet or projectile by the action of an explosion. Such as revolvers, pistols, Machine guns, Sub-Machine guns, Sniper rifles, carbines, hand grenades, shotguns, grenade launchers, light machineguns etc.
  • PRASDO work related to small arms
  • Facts About Small Arms
  • Consequences of the proliferation of small arms
  • Causes of armed violence
  • Women and Guns
  • Arms Brokers
  • Marking and Tracing of Small Arms
  • Weapons Collection and Destruction
  • Trade Controls
  • Small Arms vs Development
PRASDO Work Related to Small Arms
  • To create and promote awareness on Small arms problem and discourage armed violence
  • To support the International Action Network on Small Arms (IANSA) to achieve objectives. In this regard PRASDO is lobbying in favor of Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), effective implementation of UN Program of action and deweaponisation of the society
  • To encourage media in highlighting the issues of small arms and gun violence in Pakistan
  • To mobilize and effectively utilize the youth volunteers in campaigns against small arms
  • To engage religious scholars to condemn illegal possession and use of small arms
  • To conduct research on various aspects of small arms and Gun violence
Facts About Small Arms
  • More than 740,000 men, women and children die each year as a result of armed violence.
  • At least 95 countries can produce small arms and ammunition.
  • Small arms are responsible for 60-90% of direct conflict deaths that occur each year.
  • Tens of thousands of children are armed and fighting in more than 20 conflicts around the word.
  • Most of the victims are civilians
  • An estimated 2 million children have been killed with small arms from 1990 to 2004.
  • AK-47 is the world’s favorite killing machine which is produced in 14 countries. 
  • Unfortunately Pakistan has one of the greatest per capita rates of gun ownership.
  • The rate of private gun ownership in Pakistan is 11.6 fire arms per 100 people.
  • It is believed that some twenty million small weapons are in civilian hands.
  • Around 50,000 are gun suicide victims every year.
  • Estimates of the black market trade in small arms ranges from US $2-10 billion a year.
  • 85% of firearm homicide victims are under age of 44, and 90% of gun related homicides occur amongst men. In addition, men comprise 88% of gun suicide.
Consequences of the Proliferation of Small Arms
  • War/civil war
  • Terrorism
  • Urban crimes
  • Street Crimes
  • Rural Conflicts
  • Sectarian Violence
  • Domestic violence
  • Underdevelopment
  • Arial firing
Causes of Armed Violence
  • Lack of tolerance
  • Lack of Awareness and Education
  • Lack of Human Rights
  • Acceptance of violence as a means to resolve disputes.
  • Lacunas in our justice system
  • Low literacy level especially legal literacy
  • Lack of political will
  • Civil war in neighboring country
  • Narrow nationalism
Women and Guns
It is overwhelmingly men who buy, sell, and use small arms around the world, while women are victimised to a disproportionate degree. This dynamic is often overlooked in discussions of armed violence. 

Arms Brokers
Arms brokers are the middlemen who negotiate, arrange for, or otherwise facilitate the transfer of weapons. Insufficient controls on such activities greatly facilitate the work of unscrupulous brokers who are involved in illicit or otherwise undesirable arms transfers. They have been identified as key to illicit transfers that have fuelled many recent civil wars, including in Sierra Leone, Angola or Colombia. 

Marking and Tracing of Small Arms
There is a crucial need for enhancing the ability of law enforcement agencies to trace weapons found in illicit possession back to the point at which these weapons were diverted from the legal to the illicit arms market. This, in turn, requires easily identifiable markings on all small arms and light weapons, the establishment of registers to follow their trade routes, and the capacity of national authorities to trace these in their records. 

Weapons Collection and Destruction
Collection and destruction programs are popular ways to eliminate existing small arms stockpiles, especially in post-conflict regions. How effective are they? What are the key elements that make collection and destruction successful? 

Trade Controls
Strict controls on export, transit and import of weapons are essential to prevent the further proliferation of small arms and their abuse by those violating human rights and international humanitarian law. However, existing national and regional controls continue to contain significant loopholes and there is a crucial lack of an appropriate international treaty to regulate international arms transfers. 

Small Arms vs Development
How can a country improve its infrastructure and economy when it is rife with small arms violence? Whether through crime, armed rebellion, or civil war, small arms not only hinder development, their presence limits the willingness of other nations to provide humanitarian assistance.

The International Action Network on Small Arms (IANSA) is the global movement against gun violence, linking civil society organisations working to stop the proliferation and misuse of small arms and light weapons. IANSA supports efforts to make people safer by reducing demand for such weapons, improving firearm regulation and strengthening controls on arms transfers. Through research, advocacy and campaigning, IANSA members are promoting local, national, regional and global measures to strengthen human security.